Bed bugs are tiny, oval-shaped insects that feed on human blood. They are known to be excellent hitchhikers and can easily spread from one place to another. But can bed bugs live outside? The answer is yes, bed bugs can survive outdoors, but it’s not common for them to thrive in natural environments.

Can Bed Bugs Survive Outside?

Bed bugs can survive outside, but they prefer to live indoors because it offers them the ideal conditions to breed and feed. Bed bugs are attracted to human hosts because they need to consume blood to grow and reproduce. They are unable to survive for long periods without a blood meal, making it difficult for them to survive in the wild.

However, bed bugs can survive outdoors for a short period, especially during warm weather. They can survive in temperatures ranging from 46°F to 113°F, but they prefer temperatures between 70°F and 80°F. Bed bugs can also survive in humid conditions, but they prefer dry environments.

Where Do Bed Bugs Live Outside?

Bed bugs can live in a variety of places outside, including:

1. Dumpsters and Trash Cans

Bed bugs are known to infest dumpsters and trash cans because they provide a source of food and shelter. They are attracted to the warmth and moisture in the trash, making it an ideal breeding ground for them.

2. Public Transportation

Bed bugs can easily spread from one place to another through public transportation. They can hitchhike on people’s clothes and bags and infest new locations.

3. Parks and Campgrounds

Bed bugs can infest parks and campgrounds, especially if they are near human settlements. They can hide in grass, leaves, and wood, waiting for a potential host to pass by.

4. Beaches

Although bed bugs are not commonly found on beaches, they can infest beach chairs, umbrellas, and towels. They can also infest nearby hotels and motels, making it easy for them to spread.

How to Prevent Bed Bugs from Infesting Your Home

Even though bed bugs prefer to live indoors, they can easily infest your home if you bring them in. Here are some tips to help prevent bed bugs from infesting your home:

1. Inspect Used Furniture

If you buy used furniture, make sure to inspect it thoroughly for signs of bed bugs before bringing it into your home. Look for live bugs, shed skins, and bloodstains on the furniture.

2. Use Mattress and Box Spring Encasements

Using mattress and box spring encasements can help protect your bed from bed bugs. These encasements prevent bed bugs from getting in or out of your mattress or box spring.

3. Vacuum Regularly

Vacuum your home regularly, paying extra attention to areas where bed bugs may hide, such as mattresses, box springs, and bed frames.

4. Seal Cracks and Crevices

Seal any cracks and crevices in your home, as bed bugs can hide in these areas. You can use caulk or foam to seal these areas.

5. Use Bed Bug Repellents

Using bed bug repellents can help prevent bed bugs from infesting your home. You can use natural repellents like essential oils or chemical repellents like DEET.


In conclusion, bed bugs can survive outdoors, but they prefer to live indoors where they have a steady supply of food and shelter. They can infest a variety of outdoor locations, including trash cans, public transportation, parks, campgrounds, and beaches. Taking preventive measures like inspecting used furniture, using mattress encasements, vacuuming regularly, sealing cracks and crevices, and using repellents can help prevent bed bugs from infesting your home.

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